The Berlin Wall
was initially constructed starting on 13th August 1961 and dismantled in the weeks following 9th November 1989. Part of the Iron Curtain, the Berlin Wall was the most prominent part of the GDR border system.
It was built during the post-World War II period of divided Germany, in an effort to stop the drain of labour and economic output associated with the daily migration of huge numbers of professionals and skilled workers between East and West Berlin, and the attendant defections, which had political and economic consequences for the Communist bloc. It effectively decreased emigration from 2.5 million between 1949 and 1962 to 5,000 between 1962 and 1989.
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