java10

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About java10

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  • Location Munich
  • Nationality Bosnian
  • Gender Male
  • Year of birth

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  1.   Going freelance has certainly crossed my mind. At the moment I don't feel I have the necessary skills (yet) but will definitely be considering this. I have heard, however, that it is pretty hard to enter it due to lack of references but - obviously - everyone else already doing that had to start somehow. If someone has advice to share on IT freelancing - you're more than welcome!
  2. Gewerbenachweis and UmsatzIdNummer

      It depends, if you expect high volume of sales, etc. from the beginning - then yes, I would advise that you get a Steuerberater. Otherwise, you can learn enough from what's already posted here on TT to successfully use Elster Online for a couple of months and then see if the volume rises beyond what you can manage yourself.   Overview: If haven't done so far, create an account at Elster Online, and you should receive your activation key via a letter Then fill out the "Fragebogen für..." form, with non-Kleinunternehmer option (meaning, you want to get into VAT system) After a couple of weeks you will receive Steuernummer for your Gewerbe Make sure you start immediately filling your monthly UVA (Umsatzsteuer Voranmeldungen), only possible through Elster Online All the above you can theoretically do yourself. If you want me to recommend someone who can assist you with Fragebogen and/or with first UVA, please ask via a private message.
  3. Gewerbenachweis and UmsatzIdNummer

      I believe that is your personal Steuernummer, you will get another one after you fill your Fragebogen out and send it. I suggest you do it through Elster Online, it's the simplest way.    Yes, go for non-Kleinunternehmer option. You will in that case, however, be obliged to, at least in the first year, to submit monthly declarations of your VAT traffic (Umsatzsteuer Voranmeldung). It's only possible to do it through Elster Online but is fairly simple. Moreover, once you make it, for the future cases you will be able to use as a template one of the previously completed VAT forms.
  4. Gewerbenachweis and UmsatzIdNummer

    You have to fill  Fragebogen zur steuerlichen Erfassung in any case - this way you will get your Steuernummer. It also contains a section where you choose whether you will be a "Kleinunternehmer", meaning you are estimating your turnover not to exceed 17.500 € in a year. That also implies you stay out of the "VAT system", meaning you won't be declaring VAT on your invoices, nor will you be able to claim VAT you paid on someone else's invoices (eg. if you buy a tablet which cost you 595 €, you won't be able to claim back 19% VAT (95 €)), or you enter the "VAT system" where you both declare and claim back VAT For your situation, I think the second option makes more sense because those Großhändler will almost always be VAT liable.   Fragebogen also has another section that is about applying for an Umsatzsteuernummer (so VAT ID number), which you need if you're going to operate outside of Germany. Someone more knowledgeable about this can give you more valuable info.
  5. Hello TT'ers,   I started this topic because I wondered if anyone would be willing to share (everyone is anonymous here anyway) their (or someone else's they know) salary (or at least +/- 10k) salary range, plus any of the perks these companies might offer.   I do know there are lots of factors (one of them: years of experience) and it not easy to get into such companies but this extra insight might even lead me or someone else to forget about such an option if what they offer is not worth it in comparison with my/our current situation.   To start with, I know for example, Zeppelin is one of such companies (one of my colleagues recently started with them - good salary (80+k, yearly bonus, company pension fund,...)   So, for example, this could be a template:   Company name: Position: Years of experience: Salary/salary range: Perks:   Please share, as anonymously as it goes.
  6. I think you can, there is something called "preparation period" or similar... Try to google it.
  7. Rental woes in Berlin

    I would let them know you are aware they are illegally subletting the space. Then, I would propose that the total amount of 600 EUR for three months is divided by the number of weeks and that you pay them weekly (or bi-weekly/half-monthly for that matter). That way, should anything go wrong, in the worst case scenario, you lose smaller portion of the rent.
  8. If a self-employed person (Gewerbe) wants a buy a mobile phone for business purposes, do they have to somehow prove it will be used for business, not only for private purposes (this particular one would be dual-sim - so both private and business SIM cards would be used at the same time).   Another thing is: Does the receipt that comes with the device have to mention any information related to the buyer's Gewerbe (tax number, etc.) or will the usual name of the seller (as a natural person) suffice?
  9. Tax deductions for pension and health insurance

      I am the permanently employed spouse, my wife is a self-employed fitness trainer (Gewerbe, with some other, non-fitness-related activities). Currently, she is under our family health insurance (just started, profit is deemed below 445 EUR threshold for now). She is also determined to be Rentenversicherungspflicht, but still haven't paid anything (just started, profit is deemed below 450 EUR threshold for now).   Our KK is Techniker. Once she starts achieving profits above the thresholds, she'll start paying into public HI (with Techniker).   Regarding the PI, I guess that will/would be public pension and is only about Germany. She has these three options:   - ask for exemption for the first 3 years (but then, she has a disadvantage regarding the application for permanent stay - one needs 60 months of paid pension, right?) - go with percentage based, I think it's roughly 19% of her profit. But it seems all business activities will be considered, not only the only pflicht-one, that is, fitness. So basically, Gewerbe's Einkommensteuererklärung would be the base for the determination. - go with 1/2 of the Regelbeitrag (halber Regelbeitrag - 289,70 EUR)      
  10. Freelancer with spouse who is a permanent employee

      Is the exemption for the first 3 years possible only in the case of being "arbeitnehmerähnlicher Selbständiger", that is, it wouldn't be possible for a self-employed person having more than one client?
  11. Tax deductions for pension and health insurance

      Fair enough! Thanks, I'll dig deeper and find what I need.
  12. Tax deductions for pension and health insurance

      No, I've read most of it but the last post dates from mid 2018. Something might have changed in the meantime.  
  13. Tax deductions for pension and health insurance

    @PandaMunich I am sorry for tagging you here as well, but I guess you could provide a useful reply.   How much exactly of total Health Insurance and Pension Insurance contributions are tax deductible in 2019 for a self-employed person? Is it correct that total HI contributions are deductible, and around 88% of PI contributions? Or I read that (somewhere and in German) completely wrong?  
  14. Freelancer and Minijob

      Thank you very much.
  15. Freelancer and Minijob

    @PandaMunich When someone is self-employed, and is exempt from both HI (exempt due to low income, below 445 EUR, and covered by family insurance) and PI (Rentenversicherungspflicht, but exempt due to low income, below 450 EUR) -- how would taking a mini-job influence the mentioned thresholds? My guess is it wouldn't have any influence, because mini-job employer pays these contributions?