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15,335 Awesome with awesome sauce

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  1. English-speaking midwives

      This tells me you haven't yet tried Marillenknödel - mmmmh!   My simple recipe (tastes just as good as the complicated one and it's much faster and less work):   2 x 250g Sahnequark (that's the one with the most fat) Hartweizengrieß (durum wheat semolina). Do not use Weichweizengrieß, that's for making semolina pudding and you would get a sludge in the pot instead of separate dumplings. 10 to 12 apricots 250g butter Semmelbrösel (white breadcrumbs). Do not use Paniermehl, it's not the same thing, the mixture needs the rougher crumb texture.  Zucker (caster sugar)     Method: put the 500g Sahnequark into a bowl, mix in Hartweizengrieß with a fork until you get a dough that doesn't stick to your fingers. pinch off a tenth of the dough and form it around each apricot by rolling them in your hands, about 0.5cm thick. Put them all into a big pot (around 5l) of boiling water. As soon as they are in, turn down the heat, put on the lid and let them simmer for about 10 minutes. Once the dumplings swim at the top, they're done. melt about half of the 250g pack of butter on low heat in a pan. Take care it doesn't turn brown, if it does, throw away the butter and start again. Then sprinkle in the breadcrumbs, enough that they turn into moist crumbs, not too many, you still need enough "unbound" butter to also bind the sugar that you now sprinkle in. Put 2 dumplings per person on a plate and dump plenty of the butter/breadcrumb/sugar mixture on them and eat it immediately. That mixture only tastes good fresh from the pan. Only make the crumb mixture immediately before serving!     That photo doesn't have enough of the crumb mixture, there should be about 50% of the dumpling volume in crumb mixture on the plate. And don't skimp on the butter when making the crumb mixture, it's what makes it taste so good  No artificial shortages!   Complicated recipe, with video (who has the time?):
  2. Form R0810:
  3. I would have thought the excerpt you quoted is pretty self-explanatory. But here you go:
  4. The "why it is difficult to leave" thread

    Why so modest, 55" is bigger than 27"!  799€ at, it costs over 1,000€ elsewhere. And it also has an excellent soundbar (= speakers). Philips 558M1RY/00 Gaming-Monitor (139,7 cm/55 ", 3840 x 2160 Pixel, 4K Ultra HD, 4 ms Reaktionszeit, 60 Hz, VA LCD)  
  5. decision Finanzamt

    If there had only been that version sent to the wrong address, yes, but only if they had then sent the Einspruch (which they didn't do) within 1 month of the next tenants handing them the Bescheid, see §110 (2) AO:   But you also need to read no. 3 in the original post, they also got the Bescheid sent to their correct address at the end of July, passed it on to the Steuerberater and the Steuerberater then missed the 1 month deadline from this second version, since he only filed the Einspruch at the start of September.
  6. decision Finanzamt

    Yes, they can do it. No, if that Schätzbescheid wasn't made "open" (it's "open" if you see § 164 AO on the first page of the Bescheid):  there is nothing you can do to avoid paying the tax based on the estimated income in the Schätzbescheid.   Please read: What you can do is claim any unjustified tax from your tax adviser's professional liability insurance (all Steuerberater have to have it), i.e. any tax that was only caused by your Steuerberater missing the Einspruch deadline.  But you would need to prove that you forwarded the Bescheid immediately to your Steuerberater for the insurance to pay out.   Why did you not give your Steuerberater an Empfangsvollmacht, so that all Bescheide and all correspondence would have been sent directly to him? That way, the date when he received the Bescheid would have been clear.
  7. What happens to family insurance if my husband loses his job?

      That 3 month rule is laid down in §19 BEEG: § 19 Termination at the end of parental leave The employee may only terminate the employment relationship at the end of parental leave by giving three months' notice. It only applies if he wanted his last day of notice to be the last day of his Elternzeit, i.e. if the child is born on 15. November and he only takes 2 months of Elternzeit, then the end of his Elternzeit would be 15. January 2022. So if he wanted to resign effective 15. January 2022, then the 3 month termination period would apply, i.e. he would need to hand in his resignation by 15. October 2021.   But this is not what he wants, he wants the last day of his notice to be 15. November 2021, and for this case, his normal notice period from his contract applies, see here: Kann ich während der Elternzeit kündigen? Als Arbeitnehmerin oder Arbeitnehmer können Sie Ihre Arbeit auch während der Elternzeit jederzeit kündigen. Dabei gilt Ihre normale Kündigungsfrist. Diese finden Sie in der Regel in Ihrem Arbeitsvertrag oder - falls Sie nach Tarif beschäftigt sind - im Tarifvertrag. Nur wenn Sie zum Ende Ihrer Elternzeit kündigen wollen, gilt eine besondere Frist von 3 Monaten. Dies gilt unabhängig davon, wie viel Elternzeit Sie angemeldet haben.   Can I resign during parental leave? As an employee, you can quit your job at any time during parental leave. Your normal notice period applies. You can usually find this in your employment contract or - if you are employed under a collective agreement - in the collective agreement. Only if you want to give notice effective the end of your parental leave, does a special notice period of 3 months apply. This applies regardless of how much parental leave you have registered for.  
  8. What happens to family insurance if my husband loses his job?

      The answer is in §2b (1) BEEG: § 2b Assessment period (1) The twelve calendar months prior to the calendar month of the child's birth shall be decisive for determining the income from employment within the meaning of § 2c prior to the birth.  So if the baby is born in November 2021, they will base his Elterngeld on his salary between November 2020 and October 2021. If the baby is born a bit late (which isn't unheard of in a first pregnancy) in December 2021, they will base his Elterngeld on his salary between December 2020 and November 2021, in which case his Elterngeld would be a bit lower because the Krankengeld in November 2021 doesn't count as salary.  
  9. What happens to family insurance if my husband loses his job?

    Yes, of course. But I think they will fire him before that happens, they won't risk paying for a third sick leave.
  10. What happens to family insurance if my husband loses his job?

      The limits are listed in §140 SGB III: § 140 Reasonable employment (1) An unemployed person may reasonably be expected to take up any employment corresponding to his or her ability to work, unless there are general or personal reasons why employment cannot reasonably be expected. (2) For general reasons, employment of an unemployed person is in particular not reasonable if the employment violates statutory provisions, provisions of collective agreements or provisions on working conditions laid down in works agreements or provisions on occupational health and safety. (3) For personal reasons, employment of an unemployed person is unreasonable in particular if the remuneration that can be earned therefrom is considerably lower than the remuneration on which the assessment of the unemployment benefit is based. In the first three months of unemployment, a reduction of more than 20 per cent and in the following three months of more than 30 per cent of this remuneration is unreasonable. From the seventh month of unemployment onwards, an unemployed person cannot reasonably be expected to work only if the net income that can be earned therefrom is lower than the unemployment benefit, taking into account the expenses related to the employment. (4) For personal reasons, an unemployed person cannot reasonably be expected to work if the daily commuting times between his or her home and place of work are disproportionately long compared to the working hours. As a rule, commuting times of more than two and a half hours in total for a working time of more than six hours and commuting times of more than two hours for a working time of six hours and less are to be regarded as disproportionately long. If longer commuting times are common among comparable employees in a region, these shall be the standard. An unemployed person can reasonably be expected to move to take up employment outside the reasonable commuting area if he or she is not expected to take up employment within the reasonable commuting area within the first three months of unemployment. From the fourth month of unemployment onwards, an unemployed person can usually be reasonably expected to move to take up employment outside the reasonable commuting area. Sentences 4 and 5 do not apply if there is an important reason for the move. An important reason may arise in particular from family ties. (5) Employment shall not be deemed unreasonable merely because it is of limited duration, temporarily requires separate household management or does not belong to the group of occupations for which the employee is trained or which he or she has previously exercised. So to answer your question, no, as long as he gets ALG I, the CEO cannot be forced to work at minimum wage as a receptionist since his new net salary would be lower than his ALG I. The CEO (in tax class III and with at least one child and assuming a gross monthly salary of at least 7,100€) would get an ALG I of 2,989.20€ a month, see this ALG I calculator: His gross salary for a full time job at minimum wage would be 1,664€ (see this minimum wage calculator), which works out to around 1,330€ net a month.   Here is an article listing all the criteria for jobs that still have to be accepted if you are on ALG I: The above article has a link to the specific instructions to the caseworkers, on how they should apply §140 SGB III (in German):   ********************************************************************************************************************************************************   However, should the CEO not find a new job during his ALG I period, he then falls back to ALG II (= Hartz IV = welfare). And then, he has to accept any job, no matter how low the salary.   This is laid down in §10 SGB II: § 10 Reasonableness (1) Any work can reasonably be expected of a person entitled to benefits who is capable of working, unless: 1. he/she is physically, mentally or emotionally incapable of the work in question, 2. the performance of the work would make the future performance of the previous predominant work considerably more difficult because the previous activity makes special physical demands, 3. the performance of the work would endanger the upbringing of their child or the child of their partner; the upbringing of a child who has reached the age of three is generally not endangered if care is provided in a day-care facility or in day-care within the meaning of the provisions of Book Eight or in some other way; the competent municipal institutions shall work towards ensuring that parents who are capable of working are offered a place for day-care for the child as a matter of priority, 4. the exercise of work would be incompatible with the care of a relative and care cannot be ensured in another way, 5. the performance of the work is prevented by any other important reason. (2) A job is not unreasonable solely because: 1. it does not correspond to a previous occupational activity for which the person entitled to benefits who is capable of working is trained or which was previously exercised, 2. it is to be regarded as inferior with regard to the training of the person entitled to benefits who is capable of working, 3. the place of employment is further away from the place of residence of the person entitled to benefits who is capable of working than a previous place of employment or training, 4. the working conditions are less favourable than in the previous employment of the person entitled to benefits who is capable of working, 5. it is connected with the termination of gainful employment, unless there are well-founded indications that the previous employment can in future end the need for assistance. (3) Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall apply mutatis mutandis to participation in measures for integration into employment. Specific instructions to the caseworkers, on how they should apply §10 SGB II (in German):  
  11. What happens to family insurance if my husband loses his job?

    He can always look for a job on his own, yes. For qualified people, the Bundesagentur für Arbeit isn't that much help in finding a job. Usually, you know better what kind of job you are qualified for and where and how to apply.
  12. started a new job and have not much to do

    You are a Steuerfachangestellte? --> join the Steuerfach Facebook group:   There are always people there who post (anonymous) ads asking about a new job, the group admin Florian Karbstein posts them.  And plenty of tax advisers looking for new employees answer. Steuerfachangestellte are in high demand, even those who just finished their apprenticeship.
  13. Mahnung vom Finanzamt

    The Finanzamt uses the money it gets for the next thing that's due. --> if your 2020 tax was due before the prepayment on 10. September, then it will have used it for that first and only what remained for the prepayment. This is why I recommend that people give the Finanzamt a direbt debit mandate, that way they can never miss a payment deadline.