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14,774 Awesome with awesome sauce

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  • Location Munich
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  1.   If in doubt, run it through (3) 1Jede Person mit Wohnsitz im Inland ist verpflichtet, (3) 1Every person resident in Germany is obliged You are no longer resident in Germany, therefore the obligation to have German health insurance, which is laid down in this law, does not apply to you. Use it word for word, but replace: 31. Mai 2017 --> the date you deregistered from Germany Spanien --> Portugal spanischen --> portugiesischen  
  2.   Well, you could try the letter from in here:   
  3. Anyone living in Germany but working remotely?

    Either consult a lawyer, yes, or use a standard one, e.g. the one provided by the Chamber of Commerce (IHK):
  4. How to leave private health insurance and join GKV

    @Smaug John is correct, the "stay at least 1 year in another EU country's public health insurance" way for getting into German public health insurance also works for German citizens over 55, see the article linked from this post:  
  5. Freelancers and state pension contributions

    Sorry to disagree, but the 3 year exemption @Starshollow alludes to is only possible for "Selbständige mit einem Auftraggeber" (= self-employed with only one client) which is the description of people who fall under §2 Nr. 9 SGB VI: These are people who don't fall under no. 1 to 8 and who have at least 5/6 of their turnover from one client:  You, on the other hand, are a teacher and therefore fall under §2 Nr. 1 SGB VI: There is no way out for you, sorry, except hiring an employee of your own (who needs to help you in your teaching activity, mind you! A cleaner or nanny won't count) at over 450€ gross a month, for whom you would then have to pay social security contributions in turn.  
  6.   What insurance? If it was private health insurance, think again.   As a new employee in Germany you have a one-off right, regardless of how much you earn, to join public health insurance, and you should avail yourself of that right.  In public health insurance your children and non-working wife are covered for free:   In private health insurance you would have to pay a separate contribution for each member of the family.   Please also read this:   
  7.   I think we need @emkay to answer that question, she came to Germany when her daughter was 11.   In the meanwhile, you can start reading these threads:
  8. Anlage Unterhalt - if you support parents/spouse

      No, since they aren't. What they are "außergewöhnliche Belastungen".   The good news is that you can still claim what you pay for his nursing home, since his pension is less than 9,792€ in 2019 (= Grundfreibetrag + 624€ = 9,168€ + 624€), see here:  
  9. Anlage Unterhalt - if you support parents/spouse

      Try with a translation you do yourself first, i.e. by making a copy of the original and pencilling in a translation into German of the pertinent sections. Of course, also submit the original along with that copy with the translation on it.   However, the Finanzamt is in its right to ask for an "official" translation, but in most cases, they will accept the informal one.   Please also remember to ask the notary to include the Unterhaltserklärung form in the batch on which he puts his signature and seal/stamp, so that the Finanzamt can be sure that the form with those number is what your father-in-law wanted to sign (if he could have). Otherwise, the Finanzamt may suspect that you switched Unterhaltserklärung forms, between the visit at the Portuguese notary and now, when you file your German tax return.
  10. Anlage Unterhalt - if you support parents/spouse

      Have a Portuguese notary write, sign and seal/stamp a statement that Mr. ... (your father-in-law) came in front of him and stated that he intends to sign the form ... but cannot do so because of his arthritis and attach that Portuguese notary's statement and a translation of it into German to your tax return.   In Germany, notaries have special seals they affix to their statements: wax seals (for the old-fashioned notaries):   but most have changed to 3D paper seals:   Maybe the Portuguese notary also offers something like this?  If yes, please ask for it, it makes life easier if the caseworker at the Finanzamt gets something they are familiar with, since that tells them straightaway: "Ah, that is a document issued by a notary, therefore it is to be trusted."
  11. I don't want to rain on your parade, but I don't think that you will find a state Gymnasium in/around Munich that is willing to take a pupil who doesn't know German (both spoken and written) to the required (high) Gymnasium standard. Please contact the State School Advice Bureau (Schulberatung), explain your situation, and see what they will say:   Please also read:  
  12.   Only in elementary school (grade 1 to 4, i.e. age 6 or 7 to age 9 or 10) and not in all elementary schools. See here for a discussion on this topic:
  13.   Lohnsteuerklasse VI yes, because of §39c EStG, but she can get the overpaid tax back through doing a German tax return. Regarding the Grundfreibetrag, yes, generally only residents get it, but there is an exception for employees of German companies (= employees whose work is "utilised" (= verwertet) in Germany, see §49 (1) Nr, 4 EStG), they do get the Grundfreibetrag (through doing the tax return), the exception is laid down in §50 (1) Satz 2 Halbsatz 2 EStG: 2§ 32a Absatz 1 ist mit der Maßgabe anzuwenden, dass das zu versteuernde Einkommen um den Grundfreibetrag des § 32a Absatz 1 Satz 2 Nummer 1 erhöht wird; dies gilt bei Einkünften nach § 49 Absatz 1 Nummer 4 nur in Höhe des diese Einkünfte abzüglich der nach Satz 4 abzuziehenden Aufwendungen übersteigenden Teils des Grundfreibetrags.     
  14. No, don't worry, the Finanzamt always gets its dues. The employer's payroll accounting department will deduct wage tax every month, regardless of whether the employee is registered in Germany or not.
  15. 1. No, the liabilty applies to both, see here. 2. It's 20,000€ per donor, every 10 years (not lifetime).