Munich Conference 1938

In late 1938 a crisis developed in Europe. Adolf Hitler, the fascist dictator of Germany, had already annexed Austria the year before. Now he wanted to also take the "Sudetenland" region of Czechslovakia and make the territory a part of Germany. He claimed that the German speaking inhabitants of this land were being mistreated by the Czech government.

On 29 September 1938 the Munich Conference was called. Here Hitler met with representatives of the heads of state from France, the United Kingdom, and Italy.

An agreement was reached that Hitler could annex the Sudetenland provided he promised not to invade anywhere else. All four countries signed the agreement: Adolf Hitler (Germany), Neville Chamberlain (UK), Edouard Daladier (France), and Benito Mussolini (Italy).



The famous photo from the Munich Conference 1938 is that of Neville Chamberlain holding up a scrap of paper and claiming to have secured "peace in our time". His actions were popular in Britain because the British people thought war with Germany had been avoided.

The Sudetenland was occupied by Germany between October 1 and October 10. Germany then broke the agreement by subsequently invading and annexing the whole of Czechslovakia in March 1939.

Neville Chamberlain then realised that Hitler could not be trusted and World War II was declared a few months later (after Germany invaded Poland).

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HistorySecond world war

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