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Help required with new Mietvertrag

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Posted

We have found a new rental apartment through Makler and have received the new rental contract. We would like to know if all the terms & conditions are normal or if there are some points we need to take care of. Our German is not very good therefore we need help to understand some points which are not clear to us

§14 Bagatellschäden

Kosten für kleinere Instandhaltungs-und Reparaturmaßnahmen an Teilen, die einem ständigen Gebrauch des Mieters unterliegen (z. B. Installationsgegenstände für Strom, Wasser, Gas, Heiz- und Kocheinrichtungen, Fenster- und Türverschlüsse, Verschlussvorrichtungen von Fensterläden), hat der Mieter zu tragen, soweit die Kosten für eine einzelne Instandhaltungs- oder Reparaturmaßnahme eine Höhe von 200,00 EUR nicht überschreiten und diese nicht vom Vermieter zu vertreten sind.Werden innerhalb eines Kalenderjahres mehrere solcher Kleinreparaturen erforderlich, so ist die Kostenbeteiligung des Mieters auf ein Maximum von 3% der Jahreskaltmiete bzw. auf höchstens 400,00 EUR(gerundet) begrenzt.

§21 Besondere Vereinbarungen

Der Mieter verzichtet für einen Zeitraum von 12 Monaten nach Mietbeginn auf das Recht der ordentlichen Kündigung. -> does it mean we have to stay in the apartment for minimum 1 year???

 

Wegen der absoluten Dichtigkeit der 3-fach isolierverglasten Fenster und Türen muss auf ausreichendes Belüften der Räume geachtet werden - siehe Merkblatt. Die Kosten von Schäden z.B. Schimmelbefall, die evtl. durch ein unsachgemäßes Lüften entstehen, trägt der Mieter

We are not sure what means "neuem Mietrecht" ...is it favorable for landord or tenant...what are the differences to an older rental contract??? Atleast from the terms & conditions, it sounds that the tenant needs to take liability of all repair & damage during the tenancy. Our current landlord has so far taken care of all the repair and damage. So we are wary about some points and need some help for clarification before we sign the contract.

 

The rental contract also mentions that we take the "Hausrats- u. Haftpflichtversicherung "...does this insurance take care of all the repair costs and damage that might occur during the period of tenancy?

 

Any help shall be greatly appreciated...Thanks in advance

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><uk Me!

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Posted

 

We have found a new rental apartment through Makler and have received the new rental contract. We would like to know if all the terms & conditions are normal or if there are some points we need to take care of. Our German is not very good therefore we need help to understand some points which are not clear to us

§14 Bagatellschäden

Kosten für kleinere Instandhaltungs-und Reparaturmaßnahmen an Teilen, die einem ständigen Gebrauch des Mieters unterliegen (z. B. Installationsgegenstände für Strom, Wasser, Gas, Heiz- und Kocheinrichtungen, Fenster- und Türverschlüsse, Verschlussvorrichtungen von Fensterläden), hat der Mieter zu tragen, soweit die Kosten für eine einzelne Instandhaltungs- oder Reparaturmaßnahme eine Höhe von 200,00 EUR nicht überschreiten und diese nicht vom Vermieter zu vertreten sind.Werden innerhalb eines Kalenderjahres mehrere solcher Kleinreparaturen erforderlich, so ist die Kostenbeteiligung des Mieters auf ein Maximum von 3% der Jahreskaltmiete bzw. auf höchstens 400,00 EUR(gerundet) begrenzt.

§21 Besondere Vereinbarungen

Der Mieter verzichtet für einen Zeitraum von 12 Monaten nach Mietbeginn auf das Recht der ordentlichen Kündigung. -> does it mean we have to stay in the apartment for minimum 1 year???

 

Wegen der absoluten Dichtigkeit der 3-fach isolierverglasten Fenster und Türen muss auf ausreichendes Belüften der Räume geachtet werden - siehe Merkblatt. Die Kosten von Schäden z.B. Schimmelbefall, die evtl. durch ein unsachgemäßes Lüften entstehen, trägt der Mieter

We are not sure what means "neuem Mietrecht" ...is it favorable for landord or tenant...what are the differences to an older rental contract??? Atleast from the terms & conditions, it sounds that the tenant needs to take liability of all repair & damage during the tenancy. Our current landlord has so far taken care of all the repair and damage. So we are wary about some points and need some help for clarification before we sign the contract.

 

The rental contract also mentions that we take the "Hausrats- u. Haftpflichtversicherung "...does this insurance take care of all the repair costs and damage that might occur during the period of tenancy?

 

Any help shall be greatly appreciated...Thanks in advance

 

§14 Bagatellschäden means you have to pay for smaller repair and maintenance issues that do not cost more than 200 Euros. Spread over the whole year, not more than 400 Euro in total.

 

§21 Besondere Vereinbarungen: Nobody can force you to stay but you have to pay at least for a year.

 

Because of the near airtightness of the windows and doors, you are responsible for sufficient ventilation to avoid mould.

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3 fach?!?! damn, I have enough problems with my 2 fach...I have to air out 2 times day.

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§14 Bagatellschäden

 

That's a standard clause in rental contracts and has been for years.

It only affects things you break and that are therefore within your reach, i.e. should the water pipe inside the wall break then that's the landlord's problem, since you have no direct contact with it.

 

 

§21 Besondere Vereinbarungen

Der Mieter verzichtet für einen Zeitraum von 12 Monaten nach Mietbeginn auf das Recht der ordentlichen Kündigung. -> does it mean we have to stay in the apartment for minimum 1 year???

 

Actually, if the termination period is 3 months, it means that you have to stay there for 15 months, i.e. 1 year and 3 months, since you are only allowed to send the termination after at least one year has passed.

 

 

We are not sure what means "neuem Mietrecht" ...is it favorable for landord or tenant...what are the differences to an older rental contract???

 

The "neues Mietrecht" has changed some things, e.g. as a tenant you are no longer allowed to reduce the rent during the first 3 months that they insulate your building.

For an overview of all the changes, please see here.

 

However, these things are not things you write into a contract, these are new/updated laws that are valid for all contracts, be they new or old.

 

 

Atleast from the terms & conditions, it sounds that the tenant needs to take liability of all repair & damage during the tenancy. Our current landlord has so far taken care of all the repair and damage. So we are wary about some points and need some help for clarification before we sign the contract.

 

No, just the small repairs for items you damaged.

And if the repair itself costs over 200€ then your landlord will have to pay it entirely, that's the cut-off.

And the total sum of all repairs in a calendar year that you have to pay for cannot be more than 400€ or 3% of the yearly cold rent, whatever is higher.

 

You were very lucky that your old landlord paid for all repairs, the standard in all rental contracts that I have seen is such a small repairs clause.

 

 

The rental contract also mentions that we take the "Hausrats- u. Haftpflichtversicherung "...does this insurance take care of all the repair costs and damage that might occur during the period of tenancy?

 

No, it only applies to very specific things.

 

You cannot be obliged to buy any insurance.

However, Haftpflicht insurance is a good idea, it costs around 40€ a year and everybody has it.

But even if your Haftplicht insurance includes damages to rental flats, i.e. "Mietschäden" (be sure to choose on that does!), it will not include damage to glass, i.e. the glass inset in a door, or any window panes, for that you would have to get an additional glass insurance, but that one is in my experience overpriced and not worth it.

 

Hausrat insurance is for all of your things inside the flat, i.e. your furniture, clothes, etc., in case of a fire or other catastrophe or if somebody breaks in and steals them.

 

If you haven't read it yet, read Explosion in rental flat, no Hausratversicherung for a case where the tenant would have been well served if he had had both these insurances.

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Posted

 

Actually, if the termination period is 3 months, it means that you have to stay there for 15 months, i.e. 1 year and 3 months, since you are only allowed to send the termination after at least one year has passed.

 

Thanks to all for clarification. Well this minimum 15 month period does not sound good...I will ask to remove this condition.

 

What about the following point?

§13Schäden an der Mietsache und Instandhaltung

Der Mieter haftet für Beschädigungen der Mietsache sowie der darin vorhandenen Einrichtungen, die durch Verletzungen der ihm obliegenden Sorgfalts- und Anzeigepflicht entstehen, insbesondere dann, wenn er technische Anlagen und andere Einrichtungen wie Versorgungs- und Abflussleitungen, Toiletten, Heizungsanlagen usw. unsachgemäß behandelt oder die Wohnung nur unzureichend belüftet oder beheizt. Leitungsverstopfungen bis zum Hauptrohr hat der Mieter auf eigene Kosten zu beseitigen.

Der Mieter haftet auch für das Verschulden von Personen, die zu seinem Hausstand gehören oder die sich mit dem Einverständnis des Mieters auf dem Anwesen bzw. im Haus aufhalten.

Den Mieter trifft die Beweislast für den Umstand, dass er einen Schaden nicht zu vertreten hat, wenn die Schadensursache in einem Bereich der Mietsache liegt, der nur ihm als Mietpartei zugänglich ist.

Hat der Mieter einen Schaden zu vertreten, ist er verpflichtet, diesen sofort zu beseitigen.

 

And what does §15Schönheitsreparaturen in the rental contract mean???

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Posted

 

Thanks to all for clarification. Well this minimum 15 month period does not sound good...I will ask to remove this condition.

 

What about the following point?

§13Schäden an der Mietsache und Instandhaltung

I don't think the the landlord is interested in a short-term tenant.

Look for another flat.

The content of §13 is also standard.

 

 

And what does §15Schönheitsreparaturen in the rental contract mean???

See here.

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Posted

Also mentioned "Der Mieter hat für evtl. Wasserschäden eine ausreichende und umfassende Versicherung abzuschließen"...Is this covered in Hausrat u. Haftplichtversicherung or the landlord wants us to take additional insurance :(

 

And "Während der Mietzeit und nach Ablauf der Garantie trägt der Mieter evtl. anfallende Reparatur- oder Ersatzkosten von den Elektrogeräten, der Einbauküche, sowie den anderen oben erwähnten Einbauten"...Are the costs for repair of Elektrogeräten in kitchen part of §14Bagatellschäden?

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Normally, the landlord is the one who has insurance against breaking pipes.

I don't think the Haftpflicht insurance would cover this, unless the flooding was your fault, e.g. you did something like drill into a water pipe by mistake.

 

About the kitchen clause, that is invalid unless it's your fault, f if you break the glass stovetop with a falling pot, see here.

 

I would start looking for another flat, this landlord sounds like a difficult person.

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